Broadly speaking, psychosis means a loss of contact with reality; it is a symptom of a number of mental illnesses rather than a medical condition in its own right.

This page offers a full description of psychosis, what causes it, some examples of psychotic conditions, and how it is treated.

Fast facts on psychosisHere are some key points about psychosis. More detail and supporting information is in the main article.

  • Psychosis is not a disease in its own right; it is a symptom
  • A common psychotic delusion is a belief that the individual is an important figure
  • Earlier diagnosis of psychosis improves long-term outcomes

What is psychosis?

Psychosis is an umbrella term; it means that an individual has sensory experiences of things that do not exist and/or beliefs with no basis in reality.

During a psychotic episode, an individual may experience hallucinations and/or delusions. They may see or hear things that do not exist.

This can be incredibly frightening for the individual and, sometimes, the symptoms can cause them to lash out and hurt themselves or others.

Psychosis is classically associated with schizophrenia spectrum disorders, and, although there are other symptoms, one of the defining criteria for schizophrenia is the presence of psychosis.

Symptoms of psychosis

The classic signs and symptoms of psychosis are:

source: medicalnewstoday.com

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